The Downward Sloping Weekly Trend Lines Are Still Intact And Suggest There Could Still Be More Substantial Downside Ahead

Market TalkThursday, Nov 2 2023
Pivotal Week For Price Action

ULSD is trying to lead the energy complex higher this morning, with December futures up a nickel in the early going but are once again finding RBOB and crude oil to be reluctant participants in the rally. Yesterday we saw RBOB and WTI give back healthy early gains and end lower for the day, and this morning they’re lagging far behind the gains in ULSD. The downward sloping weekly trend lines are still intact and suggest there could still be more substantial downside ahead.

Both HF Sinclair and PBF continued the theme of strong earnings, just not as strong as last year, in their 3rd quarter updates. PBF touted that its new SBR renewables unit was profitable in its first full quarter of operations (although it didn’t say how profitable) while HF Sinclair’s renewable segment clawed back above break even this quarter, vs a loss of $49 million a year ago. Both PBF and HFS highlighted the difference in refining operations by region, with Gulf Coast and Mid-Continent operations costing around $5-$6/barrel (10-12 cents/gallon) compared to $10-$12/barrel (24-28 cents /gallon) break even for their West Coast operations.  That’s a big difference, but it’s still much lower than the 55 cent/gallon break even on the renewables segment, which shows the challenge the lower production rates of a renewable facility create.

Meanwhile, the reason for Lyondell’s slow rolling of the Houston Refining sale/shutdown decision became clear this week when the company confirmed that the facility would be part of the DOE’s new Gulf Coast hydrogen hub project. Oil refiners are a natural choice for those projects as they are already set up to take in large amounts of natural gas, and already have hydrogen production units that currently aid in stripping Sulphur out of their products. 

While there’s no mistaking that Q3 was solid for US refiners, the 4th quarter is looking much more challenging 1/3 of the way through. Gasoline margins in particular are dragging down earnings, and while diesel margins are still enough on their own to keep facilities operating in the black, there’s reason to believe this could be a tough winter unless it’s a tough winter for weather to give diesel prices an extra boost. 

Yesterday’s DOE report shows that gasoline demand continues to be sluggish, allowing inventories to keep climbing despite being in the midst of a busy turnaround season. As refiners return from maintenance, and we go through the seasonal slowdown for gasoline demand, it’s possible we could be talking about containment issues at some facilities and economic run cuts unless diesel values can hold strong.

Unfortunately for refiners, domestic diesel consumption isn’t looking very solid, with the DOE’s estimate dropping sharply for a 2nd straight week, below the 5-year range, while export activity remains sluggish. Of course, it’s still a challenge to get a real read on demand levels, or PADD 5 inventories, when the DOE’s data still does not include any renewable diesel figures, even though that product now makes up roughly half of all diesel sold in California.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk, including all charts from the Weekly DOE Report.

Market Talk Update 11.02.2023

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Pivotal Week For Price Action
Market TalkThursday, Feb 22 2024

Week 7 - US DOE Inventory Recap

Pivotal Week For Price Action
Market TalkThursday, Feb 22 2024

RBOB And ULSD Futures Down Around 2.5 Cents After A Mixed Performance Wednesday

Refined products are leading the energy complex lower to start Thursday’s trading with both RBOB and ULSD futures down around 2.5 cents after a mixed performance Wednesday.

The API reported another large build in crude oil inventories last week, with inventories up more than 7 million barrels while gasoline inventories increased by 415,000 barrels and diesel stocks dropped by 2.9 million. The crude oil build was no doubt aided once again by the shutdown of BP’s Whiting refinery that takes nearly ½ million barrels/day of oil demand out of the market. That facility is said to be ramping up operations this week, while full run rates aren’t expected again until March. The DOE’s weekly report will be out at 11am eastern this morning.

Too much or not enough? Tuesday there were reports that the KM pipeline system in California was forced to shut down two-line segments and cut batches in a third due to a lack of storage capacity as heavy rains have sapped demand in the region. Wednesday there were new reports that some products ran out of renewable diesel because of those pipeline delays, bringing back memories of the early COVID lockdown days when an excess of gasoline caused numerous outages of diesel.

The Panama Canal Authority has announced $8.5 billion in sustainability investments planned for the next 5 years. Most of those funds are aimed at sustainability efforts like modernizing equipment and installing solar panels, while around $2 billion is intended for a better water management system to combat the challenges they’ve faced with lower water levels restricting transit by 50% or more in the past year. More importantly in the near term, forecasts for the end of the El Nino pattern that contributed to a record drought, and the beginning of a La Nina pattern that tends to bring more rain to the region are expected to help improve water levels starting this summer.

The bad news is that La Nina pattern, coupled with historically warm water temperature has Accuweather forecasters sounding “Alarm Bells” over a “supercharged” hurricane season this year. Other years with a similar La Nina were 2005 which produced Katrina, Rita and Wilma and 2020 when we ran out of names, and the gulf Coast was repeatedly pummeled but markets didn’t react much due to the COVID demand slump. Perhaps most concerning for the refining industry is that unlike the past couple of years when Florida had the bullseye, the Texas coast is forecast to be at higher risk this year.

RIN prices continued their slide Wednesday morning, trading down to 38 cents/RIN before finally finding a bid that pushed values back to the 41-42 cent range by the end of the day.

The huge slide in RIN values showed up as a benefit in Suncor’s Q4 earnings report this morning, as the Renewable Volume Obligation for the company dropped to $4.75/barrel vs $8.55/barrel in Q4 of 2022. Based on the continued drop so far in 2024, expect that obligation to be nearly cut in half again. Suncor continued the trend of pretty much every other refiner this quarter, showing a dramatic drop in margins from the record-setting levels in 2022, but unlike a few of its counterparts over the past week was able to maintain positive earnings. The company noted an increase in refining runs after recovering from the Christmas Eve blizzard in 2022 that took down its Denver facility for months but did not mention any of the environmental challenges that facility is facing.

Valero’s McKee refinery reported a flaring event Wednesday that impacted multiple unites and lasted almost 24 hours. Meanwhile, Total reported more flaring at its Pt Arthur facility as that plant continues to struggle through restart after being knocked offline by the January deep freeze.

Speaking of which, the US Chemical Safety board released an update on its investigation into the fire at Marathon’s Martinez CA renewable diesel plant last November, noting how the complications of start -up leave refineries of all types vulnerable.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk.

Pivotal Week For Price Action
Market TalkWednesday, Feb 21 2024

It’s A Mixed Start For Energy Markets To Start Wednesday’s Session After A Heavy Round Of Selling Tuesday

It’s a mixed start for energy markets to start Wednesday’s session after a heavy round of selling Tuesday. RBOB gasoline futures are clinging to modest gains in the early going while the rest of the complex is moving lower.  

WTI is pulling back for a 2nd day after reaching a 3.5 month high just shy of $80. The pullback pushes prompt values back below the 200-day moving average, reducing the likelihood of a breakout to the upside near term.

ULSD values are down nearly 10 cents for the week and are down more than 26 cents from the high trade set February 9th. That pullback leaves ULSD in neutral territory and could act as a headwind for gasoline prices that still seem poised to at least attempt a typical spring rally that adds roughly 20-30% from winter values.

RIN prices continue their slide this week, with D6 and D4 values reaching new 4-year lows around $.41/RIN Tuesday, which is down just slightly from the $1.62/RIN they were going for a year ago.

HF Sinclair reported a loss for Q4 this morning, with its refining and renewables segments each losing roughly $75 million for the quarter. The change from a year ago in the refining segment is a harsh reminder of the cyclical nature of the business as earnings dropped more than $800 million year on year, with inventory cost adjustments accounting for roughly ¼ of that decline.   

While it wasn’t mentioned in the press release, HFS has the most direct exposure to New Mexico’s recent approval of a clean fuel standard that will start in 2026. That law will no doubt help the company’s struggling Renewables assets in the state but will also create extra costs for their traditional refining operations.

The EIA this morning noted that conditions in the Panama Canal improved slightly in January, allowing Gulf Coast exports to Asia, primarily of Propane and ethane, to increase. While transit capacity is still far below levels we saw before the drought reduced operations in the canal, any improvement offers welcome relief to shippers as they can avoid going the long-way around to avoid the violence in the Red Sea.

France’s navy didn’t waste any time getting into the Red Sea action, shooting down a pair of Houthi Drones less than a day after joining the EU’s official mission to assist in clearing the shipping lanes. It’s not yet clear whether this marks the first official military victory by the French since Napoleon. 

Reminder that the weekly inventory reports are delayed a day due to the holiday Monday.

Click here to download a PDF of today's TACenergy Market Talk.