News & Views
News & Views
News & Views
Energy Prices Were Seeing Another Healthy Selloff Overnight
9:30 am update
Gasoline prices have jumped since the weekly DOE report, and our emails seem to be back up finally, both of which are exciting.
Import/export flows are factoring heavily into the weekly stats with Gasoline exports accounting for half of the inventory draw down, while a decline in distillate and crude oil exports on the week explains why those products gained. Refinery runs increased in every PADD, with PADD 1 rates jumping 10% on the week, no doubt due to PBF restarting the crude unit at their NJ facility that had been shuttered due to weak economics last year.
From the 8am market update:
Energy prices were seeing another healthy selloff overnight, after a big Tuesday rally, but have since cut those losses following the latest reading on inflation in the US.
Gasoline and crude prices both turned positive, Diesel nearly wiped out 10 cent losses and stock markets rallied sharply this morning after the July CPI reading came in unchanged for the month, a sign that US inflation has peaked, and that the FED can take it easy on free money crowd. The drop in gasoline and other fuel prices was the main driver of cooling inflation in July, while prices for food and shelter both continued to increase.
Another large part of the yo-yo action in prices the past couple of days is being blamed on flows of Russian oil to several land-locked European nations. Tuesday, Russia’s pipeline company Transneft announced that flows on that pipeline were being cut since sanctions prevented payment for that fuel, and that coincided with the strong price rally. This morning, Hungary announced it was paying fees to allow shipments to resume temporarily, and prices are moving lower once again.
Another factor stirring up the action in Diesel prices this week: Low water levels on the Rhine river are disrupting one of Europe’s most crucial arteries for transporting energy supplies, right when the continent can least afford another supply snag.
Speaking of which, NY Harbor gasoline prices continue to trade 40 cents or more above their Gulf Coast counterparts, with a steeply backwardated curve hanging on for another week. This unusual phenomenon was highlighted in the DOE/EIA’s Short Term Energy Outlook this week, noting how refinery shutdowns along the East Coast of Canada and the US and reduced imports from Europe due to their energy crisis are both contributing to this phenomenon.
The monthly STEO also highlighted the tight global market for distillates, with the major supply centers in the US, Europe and Asia all holding 30-40% less inventory than their 5 year averages. The report does predict that rising output in the US should help inventories to heal modestly in the coming month, but highlights the threat that the looming hurricane season pose to those estimates.
Speaking of which, the area of storms moving across the Atlantic currently known as Invest 97L was downgraded overnight and now has only a 30% chance of getting a real name this week. If that system is named, long range projections peg it moving towards the East Coast, rather than into the Gulf of Mexico, which is good news for oil producers and refiners, but bad news for the beleaguered region that’s been struggling to get fuel supplies caught up ever since the start of the war in Ukraine.
The API reported builds in crude oil and distillate inventories last week of 2.1 and 1.4 million barrels respectively, while gasoline stocks drew by 600,000 barrels. The DOE/EIA’s version of the weekly status report is due out at its normal time this morning.
Week 32- US DOE Inventory Recap
Have Fuel Prices Found A Floor?
Have fuel prices found a floor?
After dropping 60 cents in a week and a half, diesel prices have bounced 17 cents in the past 24 hours, and gasoline prices are up nearly 20 cents since bottoming out last Thursday. While crude oil prices have also bounced, WTI is up $5/barrel from Thursday’s lows, they’re not keeping pace with the recovery in refined products, suggesting this move may be driven by spread buyers as we head into the fall maintenance & storm seasons with a refinery network that’s more vulnerable than it’s been in decades.
There isn’t much in the way of a headline to pin the sudden reversal in diesel prices on, and in fact European natural gas prices are pulling back as inventories have recovered in recent days, which would tend to act as a drag on diesel prices. This suggests the move may be more technical in nature, as trading programs and some humans see the latest wave of selling as a good buying opportunity after the head and shoulders and descending triangle patterns that foreshadowed lower prices have now been completed. The first big test for the bulls to decide if they’re serious about this rally is to get diesel prices back north of $3.50, and gasoline prices back above $3.
The latest round of negotiations with Iran over its nuclear ambitions ended without any sign of progress, reducing the odds that Iranian oil exports will legally re-enter the world market.
The national hurricane center still gives a 40% chance the storm moving over the Atlantic will get a name this week, and the long range forecasts suggest there will be more storms coming soon as the hurricane season reaches its peak a month from now.
HF Sinclair proved that the previous year was a great time to be buying refineries, joining its US peers reporting huge profits for the 2nd quarter. While the company’s newly acquired facilities netted nearly $30/barrel after operating costs, the renewable diesel operations showed heavy losses for the quarter, suggesting that turning soybeans into motorfuel may not be the field of dreams many have been hoping for, even with nearly $5/gallon in various government tax credits and subsidies and diesel prices at elevated levels.
Speaking of which, the spending bill passed in the Senate this weekend includes the extension of several existing biofuel credits, and the addition of several new credits to encourage more production. One detail that’s already expected to have unforeseen consequences is that Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) will get $.25-$.75/gallon more credits than Renewable Diesel, which will likely mean a shift by some producers away from on-road fuels given the limited feedstocks available to make fuel out of food.
Gasoline Prices Are Trying To Find A Floor, Rising For A 2nd Straight Day After Hitting A 6 Month Low Last Week
Gasoline prices are trying to find a floor, rising for a 2nd straight day after hitting a 6 month low last week, while distillates continue to fall, hitting their lowest levels since March this morning.
ULSD futures took out the April low just under $3.19 overnight and promptly dropped another nickel, before bouncing back to that level later in the morning. That layer of support looks to be about the only thing on the charts standing in the way of a drop to $3 for ULSD, and it’s worth noting that most futures and cash contracts for 2023 are already trading below that level. If you’ve been waiting to lock in diesel prices to meet or beat your budget for the next 12-18 months, this is looking like a good time. Be assured that prices could absolutely go lower from here (in 2008 they dropped from $4.15 to $1.19) but at some point, the market is going to remember that the world is still short on distillate supplies, and the long term trend in place for the past 2 years is still pointing higher.
Some money managers are probably looking for a do-over after making large increases in long positions in RBOB and ULSD contracts last week, just in time for the big price drop. Funds did reduce their long positions in WTI, Brent and Gasoil contracts however, so they weren’t all wrong. The combination of extreme volatility and concerns over the looming economic slowdown seem to be keeping the big money bettors on the sidelines. The net length held by large speculators in WTI is at its lowest since April of 2020 (also known as the time when WTI went negative) while open interest in RBOB dropped to its lowest level since 2015, and open interest in Brent dropped to its lowest since 2016 last week.
Baker Hughes reported a net decrease of 7 oil rigs active in the US last week, while natural gas rigs increased by 4. New Mexico led the drop in oil drilling activity, with 6 fewer rigs active. It’s hard to say if last week’s count will become a pattern as natural gas has become the commodity of choice globally, or just a small dip on the chart as rig counts approach pre-pandemic levels.
After a 2 month lull, the tropics are starting to heat up as we approach the interesting part of Hurricane season. The NHC is giving 40% odds of development for a system moving across the open Atlantic. It’s too soon to say where this storm (which will be named Danielle if it develops) is headed, but a path into the Gulf of Mexico is possible at this point so we’ll need to keep an eye on it for a while.
Crude Oil And Gasoline Prices Are Lower This Morning Than They Were On The First Day Of The Russian Invasion Of Ukraine
Crude oil and gasoline prices are lower this morning than they were on the first day of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, as a breakdown in technical support and sentiment for consumption both seem to be pushing prices lower. RBOB and WTI were attempting to make small gains this morning after trading in negative territory overnight, but if the attempt to bounce doesn’t accelerate soon, the charts suggest we’re in for another wave of selling.
Gulf Coast and Midwestern gasoline spot prices dipped below $2.50 on implied values overnight, which could mean retail prices below the $3 mark in some markets if values hold around this level for another week or more. Unless the market reverses course, more markets may join the sub $3 retail club in another 6 weeks as the transition to winter-spec gasoline ensues, and producers can once again start blending more butane, which is $1.25/gallon or more cheaper than gasoline.
Diesel prices resisted gasoline’s pull lower for the start of the week, but are catching up now that the bottom end of the descending triangle gave way, and quickly dropped another 12 cents after taking out that chart support before finding a temporary floor just above $3.20 overnight. Fundamentally, it’s difficult to make a case for diesel prices continuing to fall, especially with demand destined to ramp up in the fall. Read here for another argument on why now may be a good time to buy ULSD.
One headline that may explain why diesel prices are down more than a dime this morning even as gasoline prices were able to move into positive territory: Germany said it could keep its nuclear power plants operating this winter, which will help ease the shortage of natural gas and distillates needed to power the region.
The July payrolls report knocked stock prices, along with gasoline and WTI, back into negative territory as another strong reading on the US job market seems to have spooked the machines that base their bets on easy money from the FED, which is sure to be encouraged by the fact that their first 4 interest rate increases haven’t hurt the labor market. Adding more than 550,000 jobs to the government estimate since the last report will also help the argument of those that say the US is not in a recession, despite 2 straight quarters of negative GDP growth.
The tropics remain eerily quiet as we approach the busy part of the Atlantic hurricane season. Officially, the NHC says no new tropical cyclones are expected in the next 5 days, but longer range models are already tracking 2 potential systems moving over Africa, that could develop as they move out to sea next week. Colorado State’s latest forecast for the season was reduced by 2 named storms, but still suggests we’re in for a busy year with 16 more storms yet to come. The weather channel forecasters seem to agree noting yesterday that 90% of the storm activity is yet to come.
Week 31- US DOE Inventory Recap
Gasoline And Oil Futures Are Approaching 6 Month Lows This Week
Gasoline and Oil futures are approaching 6 month lows this week, following a harsh reminder Wednesday that slowing demand may be the only way to deal with the global energy supply shortage.
According to the DOE’s weekly report, gasoline consumption in the US has been weaker than the COVID summer of 2020 in 3 out of the past 4 weeks. While the weekly demand estimates are notoriously volatile, and in many cases unreliable in real time, there is no mistaking the market’s reaction to that data point as futures have dropped 25 cents in the past 24 hours.
Wednesday’s wipeout for RBOB futures, trumped Tuesday’s turnaround and has moved the technical outlook back into clearly bearish territory with a good chance we could see another 30 cent price drop in the next few weeks. It’s not just futures that are falling either, as NY Harbor gasoline prices have started their inevitable slide down an impossibly steep backwardation curve, with cash values down more than 40 cents as basis values start their return to reality. The selloff in both futures and cash markets assures that the streak of consecutive days of lower retail prices across the US will continue past 50.
If you’re still wondering why California retail prices are more than $1/gallon higher than many other states, take a look at the state fuel tax charts below (courtesy of the API), and then remember California ends up adding another 40-something cents per gallon in LCFS and Cap & Trade program costs on top of these official taxes.
Diesel inventories remain 24% below their average seasonal levels. PADDs 1 & 2 continue to have the lowest inventory levels relative to prior years, and the Midwest looks particularly vulnerable in the coming months as harvest demand ramps up, and Gulf Coast refiners have their hands full sending Barrels out to sea, rather than north as they’ve done for decades during this time. Speaking of which, Diesel exports have averaged north of 1.5 million barrels/day over the past month, meaning nearly 2 billion gallons of distillates have been sent overseas during this time. Remember that the next time someone asks why gasoline is so much cheaper than diesel in the next few months.
OPEC & Friends announced the smallest output increase they’ve ever made yesterday, .1mb/d for September with some reports suggesting this move was a political slap in the face to the US President, while the official press release suggests it was because of “severely limited availability of excess capacity”. It seems there’s a good chance they’re both right.
Chart Support Survived A Big Wave Of Selling To Start The Week
Chart support survived a big wave of selling to start the week, and petroleum prices are now moving higher as buyers (or more likely the algorithms they’ve programmed) gain more confidence that a price breakdown is unlikely in the near future. RBOB gasoline futures are up more than 20 cents from Monday’s low trade, and back in the July trading range. ULSD prices are up 15 cents from Tuesday’s low, but need to get back above the $3.55 mark to break the descending triangle pattern that still threatens to push prices to $3 in the coming weeks.
Early (and unofficial) reports from the OPEC & Friends meeting suggest the cartel will make a modest increase of 100,000 barrels/day to its quota in September. Oil and product prices actually moved higher following those rumors as the increase is the smallest on record for the cartel, and is essentially meaningless given that actual output has lagged behind the allowed quotas for the entire year.
The API reported a build in crude stocks of 2 million barrels last week, while refined products were estimated to have small declines of less than ½ million barrels each. Keep in mind the build in oil stocks includes the ongoing drawdown of oil from the SPR, and all else being equal, would equate to a nearly 5 million barrel decline in US stocks if those barrels weren’t being released. The EIA’s weekly status report is due out at its normal time of 9:30 central.
While the shortage of refining capacity to meet fuel demand in the Western hemisphere has been well documented this year, the EIA on Tuesday published a note highlighting 9 new refinery projects slated to come online in the next 18 months, that will add nearly 3% to global refining capacity…all of which are in Asia and the Middle East, which will further shift the global flow of oil and its various products.
While backwardation remains a major theme in global energy markets, for the first time in many months 2 US regions have actually slipped into a contango price curve for distillates. Both Group 3 and Chicago ULSD prices are now trading higher for September delivery than they are for prompt barrels, which is a reflection of the lull in regional demand prior to the harvest season. This compilation of recent articles suggests you shouldn’t bet on this trend expanding to other markets.
Refined Product Prices Have Dropped To Their Lowest Levels In 4 Months As Fears Of A Slowing Economy
Refined product prices have dropped to their lowest levels in 4 months as fears of a slowing economy, and new tensions between the world’s two biggest economies, seem to be weighing heavily on various assets. The big drops this week have put the energy complex on the verge of a technical breakdown, but so far buyers continue to buy the dip, and keeping the chance of a continued sideways summer trading pattern intact.
Monday’s ISM Manufacturing survey got some of the credit for the big selloff in energy prices. Even though the survey showed that manufacturing in the US continued to grow, the pace was the slowest in 2 years, despite strong growth in energy production. The survey also suggested that post pandemic inventory restocking was winding down, which is likely to weigh on purchasing in the coming months. Right on cue, a Reuters article this morning notes that the country’s largest warehouse market is running out of room as consumer purchasing slows and inventories swell.
Retail fuel prices are set to continue dropping, and will soon be $1/gallon less than their June peak, which will be a key component to inflation readings decreasing. Perhaps the big question for the US economy, and energy prices for the rest of the year, is whether or not that drop in retail prices is enough to keep consumers from tightening their purse strings any further.
Diesel futures are potentially setting up a bearish descending triangle pattern on the charts, with a floor just below the $3.30 mark that could lead to a drop below $3 in the next few weeks should it break. Given the lack of diesel supplies globally, it’s hard to imagine this chart pattern could trump fundamentals, but relatively weak basis values across large parts of the US suggest we’re seeing at least a temporary reprieve in most of the inventory shortages, now we’ll just have to see if that lasts through the hurricane and harvest seasons.
The price to lease space on Colonial pipeline’s main gasoline line reached a 7.5 high this week as shippers race to take advantage of the huge premiums for gasoline in NY Harbor vs the US Gulf Coast. These premiums are yet another reminder of how the world’s supply and transportation network has been upended in recent months, after years of Colonial’s main line being unallocated and space trading for negative values since Europe was able to supply the excess gasoline consumed on the US East Coast. The forward price curve suggests the double digit premiums for line space will be short lived, but values could stay positive through the winter as that’s typically the strongest time of year as producers need to find new homes for their gasoline.
It’s Been A Busy And Choppy Start To Trading In August As The Energy Complex Tests The Lower End Of Its Summer Trading Range
It’s been a busy and choppy start to trading in August as the energy complex tests the lower end of its summer trading range, creating some big swings in the early going. RBOB gasoline was down almost a dime around 7am central, but has cut those gains in half in 30 minutes. ULSD prices were down 8 cents at 7, rallied to down 3 as of 7:30, then were down almost 7 again by 7:45.
RBOB faces an immediate technical test to start the month, with the contract roll bringing prices from a high of $3.71 on Friday, to a test of $3 today. The $3 range has 3 layers of chart support, marking the July low of $3.02, the psychologically meaningful $3 mark, and the 200 day moving average at $2.99. IF these layers of support break, it looks like we’ll see another 15 cent drop in short order, with a move into the $2.70s possible. Speaking of which, the September RBOB contract is the last summer-spec contract of the year, and the October contract is already trading in the high $2.70s this morning thanks to the combination of steep backwardation and RVP transition. Cash markets are adding to the bearish feel for gasoline prices, with several regional values already around $2.65 this morning, which will mean retail prices below $3.50 coming soon for many consumers if the trend holds.
WTI is also facing another test at its 200 day moving average, after bouncing off of that level in 6 of the past 8 trading sessions. If US oil prices don’t find a way to rally soon (as in this week) it looks like we’ll be talking about oil in the $80s some-time in August.
While gasoline and oil prices look weak on the charts, ULSD is looking relatively strong, with a more neutral outlook. The roll from the expiring August contract did move prompt prices into the lower half of the summer trading range, but there’s still more than 12 cents to fall before chart support gets tested for diesel.
The CFTC’s commitment of traders report shows that money managers continue to have mixed feelings on energy price bets, with the only consistency seen in recent weeks being a lack of open interest outstanding. The open interest for refined products is holding at its lowest levels since 2015, which was when the US fracking boom helped petroleum prices go bust. Here too ULSD looks the most bullish with new speculative longs entering the market last week, while other funds covered short positions, leading to large increase in net length held by money managers on the week.
Baker Hughes reported a net increase of 6 oil rigs and 2 natural gas rigs last week, ending a 2 week lull in new drilling activity. Texas led the increase with 6 new rigs added last week, 2 each in the Permian and Eagle Ford plays. The total US oil rig count surpassed 600 for the first time since April of 2020 (you might remember this as the month when WTI traded negative) and leaves the possibility that the rig count could reach pre-pandemic levels by year end.
It’s been almost a month since we saw a named storm in the Atlantic, and the NHC suggests this will be another quiet week. Despite the calm waters, forecasters are still calling for an above average hurricane season, and it’s not just the Gulf Coast refining complex that seems extra vulnerable this year: A WSJ article highlights how a shortage of transformers could spell trouble for turning the lights back on after a storm hits.